NPR’s TED Radio Hour is like Reader’s Digest for brainiacs. In one commute, you can wrap your head around a whole plethora of ideas about a variety of subjects. Endless fun.
The show on Maslow’s Human Needs, originally broadcast in April 2015 but re-aired recently, was the riffing-off point for this post.
As a reminder, Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is (from bottom to top):
- Physiological – Are basic needs of survival being met? Food, water, breathing, etc.
- Safety – Health, resources, a good job, personal matters fulfilled
- Love & Belonging – Friendship, family, intimacy
- Esteem – Confidence, achievement, respect
- Self-Actualization – Morality, creativity, fulfillment
This past year, I have been involved with re-thinking and implementing a new “playbook” for how my company go to market with new products. The previous version was found to be mostly useless because it required a fairly extensive knowledge of marketing in order to fill it out properly, and most of the managers who were tasked with this were woefully unqualified to do so.
So the Brand Manager took it upon herself to re-imagine this document and brought in a consultant to help out. There is some good thinking and fresh ideas in this new document & process they are rolling out, but after listening to this TED program, it got me to thinking.
Creative briefing documents, playbooks & marketing plans are all meant to help guide the strategy to most effectively reach new and existing customers. But with all this analysis, data, features & benefits, etc., how many of these briefs actually address basic human needs?
Worse yet, these documents are often filled with assumptions and the information we want you to know.
Shouldn’t one of the key ingredients be “How does ‘X’ solve my need? A lot of times, that information is there in the document/process, but rarely is it articulated into something very basic, touching a core value to the individual.
This is danged hard to do in a B2B environment, but not impossible.
I think Nike does this inherently as part of their branding and this is a key ingredient as to what they are so wildly successful. From the products all the way to the branding, Nike touches each of Maslow’s needs:
- Physiological – I need shoes to protect my feet.
- Safety – Because I have the shoes, my health will improve.
- Love & Belonging – Because I run, I become part of a community of like-minded people.
- Esteem – As I get healthier, I become a stronger, better person.
- Self-Actualization – Just do it.
In contrast, I think Apple often times does a poor job of it. They are particularly good at telling you what you need. What they have been particularly adept at is guiding people down a path that eventually becomes a need. I never truly needed an iPhone, but now that I have one I find that I cannot live without it? Does that make Apple evil?
In a world that is becoming increasingly more digital,automated and with less of a human touch, addressing basic human needs should be at the very core of how we approach every piece of communication.
As Charles Eames said:
Recognizing the need is the primary condition for design.